Accidental Self Destruction

War is a dangerous pastime, and the enemy is not the only hazard. This was brought home to me recently when I was researching four young men from my village who died in the war in Vietnam. One was just 19 years old, and the news reports said he was killed in action while on patrol near the DMZ. But the official cause of death was later listed as “accidental self destruction.” As both a veteran and a student of English, I wondered what that clerical term might cover.

The Internet was helpful. “Accidental self destruction” is when you kill yourself by accident. Perhaps you pull the pin of a grenade that is (or was) attached to your vest, or fail to yield right of way to a tank. The term is grouped with “accidental homicide” – which is when you kill someone else by accident – perhaps shooting the man in front of you as you trip over a tree root. And then there is the umbrella term of “misadventure.”

One example helped me sort this out: Three men are in a mortar pit; one of them drops a mortar round which explodes on impact with the ground. For the person who drops it, it’s “accidental self destruction.” The other two men are victims of “accidental homicide.” Or, it could be classed as “misadventure” for all three.

And such accidents were more common than one would think. Among the men killed in the Vietnam war, 842 died by “accidental self destruction,” 944 by “accidental homicide,” and 1,326 as a the result of “misadventure.”

Vehicular accidents accounted for another 1,187 deaths in Vietnam. And then there were “on purpose” deaths:  234 intentional homicides (i.e., murders) and 382 suicides. Also, 273 fatal heart attacks and 42 strokes. That’s almost 5,000 “non-hostile” deaths that had to be categorized, 5,000 carefully worded letters that had to be sent to parents and spouses.

War. It’s a nasty business.



  1. I have begun a “Unit Page” at Military Dot Com: “Accidental Self-Destruction” to honor a fallen friend: Christopher Corwin Cook. I was the last human to see him alive, and am sorry to this day that I was too stoned to help him.

  2. Thank you for the clarification of terms. I was trying to find out what happened to Thomas C. Garrett and now I have an idea. When I was in 7th grade, our teacher instructed the class to write letters to our men in military. These letters would be given randomly to the soldiers and no responses were expected. I received a postcard from Pvt. Garrett showing him holding a machine gun and a bullet belt. He was standing in front of a sandbag shelter and a sign next to it read: Merry Christmas from our home to yours. Due to moving and not having control of my belongings, I lost that postcard but I will never forget it. My teacher told me that it was very special because people sent 100’s of letters to service men and didn’t receive replies. Pvt. Garrett said that he liked my name. I still think of him. Thank you, Pvt. Garrett, for your sacrifice. I will never forget you.

  3. Joe Graham · · Reply

    I’ve only recently discovered the Wall Memorial website. I lost a first cousin in Vietnam – he was killed by men under his command who were about to be arrested for selling drugs. Yet I see on the Wall Memorial that he is listed as an accidental self destruction. I’m more than a little confused by the classification. Is it possible the data is wrong or more likely that the story to family was wrong?

    1. Joe, I have no idea. Reporting in “the fog of war” is always questionable.

  4. Joseph Montoya · · Reply

    As a Vietnam War historian, can you please forward me the names of the “… four young men from [your] village who died in the war in Vietnam …”? Here’s thanking you in advance.


      Carl Deyneka, Raymond Lloyd Flint, Dana Wesson Mitchell, Geoffrey Raymond Shumway

  5. Paul Wetherington · · Reply

    When I was in Vietnam with the 1st Air Cav. in 1968 I was issued a M79 Grenade Launcher and a bandolier of grenades. This was around late July and I was sitting on my cot with one of the approximately beer can diameter grenades in my hand pitching it up in the air like you would a football, so it spiraled. Bill, the SP5 I was replacing (my mentor) told me to stop. He said two soldiers with the 8th Cav. Regiment had recently been killed pitching a M79 grenade back and forth until one of them dropped it and it exploded. He said when you fire a M79 round and it leaves the muzzle it is spiraling and after so many revolutions it automatically arms itself and will explode upon contact with anything. It might be beneficial to know how many of the 842 deaths by “accidental self destruction” were caused by handling a M79 grenade and possibly not being warned as I was of its inherent danger. Even today I haven’t seen anything on the internet about this danger with the M79 rounds.

  6. Where are your sources from?

    1. I don’t recall, but if you Google “accidental self destruction” there are many references, by number and by percent of casualties.

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